Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol found in the blood stream and reported as weight of ethanol in grams per unit of blood volume. The table below shows how different concentration of alcohol in our body affects us.
Moderate consumption of alcohol is known to be therapeutic for example decrease the risk of heart disease and the cleansing and flushing out of the kidneys. Alcohol abuse can cause acute or chronic effects depending on how dependent an individual is on alcohol. Acute effects are associated with domestic violence, loss of workplace productivity, society crime, traffic accidents and public disorders. Chronic effects are related to chronic health problems like cancer, liver disease, stroke, respiratory disease, diabetes and bone disease (Manzo-Avalos and Saavedra-Molina, 2010).
- Manzo-Avalos, S., and Saavedra-Molina, A., (2010). Cellular and Mitochondrial Effects of Alcohol Consumption. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 7 (12): 4281-4304. Available from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3037055/
- Intoximeters, (2016). Alcohol and the Human Body. Available from https://www.intox.com/t-physiology.aspx